Guide to the Vascular Plants of Tennessee
Edward W. Chester, et al. (2015)

A Fifth Checklist of Tennessee Vascular Plants
Edward W. Chester, et al. (2009)


Guide to the Vascular Plants of Tennessee
Edward W. Chester, et al. (2015)

A Fifth Checklist of Tennessee Vascular Plants
Edward W. Chester, et al. (2009)

Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians
Dennis Horn, et al. (2013)

Ferns of Tennessee: With the Fern Allies Excluded
Jesse M. Shaver (1954)

The Ferns and Lycophytes of Texas
George M. Diggs, Barney L. Lipscomb (2013)

Shinners & Mahler's Illustrated Flora of North Central Texas
George M. Diggs, et al. (1999)

Illustrated Flora of East Texas
George M. Diggs, et al. (2006)

Plant Life of Kentucky: An Illustrated Guide to the Vascular Flora
Ronald Jones (2005)

Keys to the Flora of Arkansas
Edwin Smith (1994)

Plant Identification Terminology: An Illustrated Glossary
James G. Harris (2001)

Tennessee Natural Heritage Program Rare Plant Listexternal_link_icon
Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation (2016)


"A classification for extant ferns"external_link_icon
A.R. Smith, et al.
Taxon 55(3) August 2006: 705–731

"Fern classification"external_link_icon
A.R. Smith, et al.
Biology and Evolution of Ferns and Lycophytes pp. 417–467 (2008)
T.A. Ranker & C.H. Haufler, editors

"Preliminary keys to the genera and species of Tennessee Ferns"pdficon_small [606kb]
A.J. Sharp
Journal of the Tennessee Academy of Science 30(2) April 1955: 85-89

"The genus Carex in Tennessee"external_link_icon [JSTOR]
J.K. Underwood
American Midland Naturalist 33(3) May 1945: 613-643

"The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 Wetland Ratings"pdficon_small [5.5MB]
R.W. Lichvar
Phytoneuron 2013-49 July 2013: 1–241


Floristic Study of the Overton Park Forest, Memphis, Shelby County, Tennesseepdficon_small [193KB]
by Thomas E. Heineke, PhD (2009)

Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic Statespdficon_small [112MB]
by Alan S. Weakley, University of North Carolina Herbarium (2012)

Shiloh National Military Park Vascular Plant Species Checklistpdficon_small [209KB]
NPSpecies: The National Park Service biodiversity database (accessed 3 FEB 2014)

Plant Research

University of Tennessee Herbarium
This collection is the primary repository of the native and naturalized plants and fungi of Tennessee. Their online database is up-to-date with the collection, and contains images of nearly every species.

A searchable database of botanical specimens found in more than 120 herbaria of the Southeastern US. Far from complete, but continually updated. A recent NSF grant is just beginning to produce a huge amount of new data through this portal.

Botanical Research Institute of Texas
BRIT curates the collection formerly at Vanderbilt University (VDB), and is currently putting this important part of Tennessee natural history online through the SERNEC portal. Search the VDB collection HERE

The PLANTS Database
Delivers standardized information about the vascular plants, mosses, liverworts, hornworts, and lichens of the U.S. and its territories. Provided by the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service.

Flora of North America
Although still in development, the work thus far presents a comprehensive, systematic account of the species of many plant families of North America, north of Mexico. Excellent keys and descriptions of species.

& Nomenclature

International Code of Nomenclature
for algae, fungi, and plants (Melbourne Code). The rules that govern the scientific naming of algae, fungi, and green plants.

The Plant List
A collaboration between the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and the Missouri Botanical Garden, The Plant List provides the currently accepted Latin name for most species, with links to all synonyms by which that species has been known. This nomenclatural reference compiles the best information from trusted sources and experts around the world.

ILDIS World Database of Legumes

Tree of Life: Asteraceae

Helpful Websites

Illinois Wildflowers
Contains descriptions, photographs, and range maps of many wildflowers and other plants in Illinois (and West Tennessee!).

Classification and Illustrations of Goldenrods

Guide to the Vascular Plants of TennesseeA Fifth Checklist of Tennessee Vascular PlantsWildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley and the Southern AppalachiansPlant Life of KentuckyPlant Identification Terminology: An Illustrated Glossary

TROPICOSrnA research database of the Missouri Botanical Garden that is rich with information on taxonomy, publication, distribution, etc.. Also provides many images, and links to other research directly from each species page.rnrnVANDERBILT UNIVERSITY BIOIMAGESrnThis database contains good images of Tennessee plant species. The link above opens up the complete list of species ordered by family, which I found to be an easier way to navigate the site.rnrnSOUTHEASTERN FLORArnA searchable database containing over 1,700 species of flowering plants, with many excellent and useful images of each species. A good place to start if you’re not ready to identify plants though a key.rnrnGRASSES OF NORTH AMERICArnOnline version of the information presented in the Manual of Grasses for North America and Flora of North America projects. It includes keys to species, descriptions, maps, and illustrations. There are over 200 species of grasses present in West Tennessee.rnrnFLICKR TENNESSEE NATIVES POOLrnPhotographs of Tennessee plants that are far better than mine. Be aware that even though the pool is supposed to be about native plants, there are images of introduced plants as well.rnrnNATIONAL WETLANDS INVENTORY MAPPERrnInteractive map of US wetlands.rnrnTENNESSEE RARE SPECIES BY COUNTYrnFilterable list of the rare species of flora and fauna in Tennessee, arranged by county.rnrn

Native Plant Societies


Collection Permits

rnFor collecting on State Parks or Designated State Natural Areas:rnTENNESSEE DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENT & CONSERVATIONrnDIVISION OF NATURAL AREASrnrnFor collecting on state Wildlife Management Areas:rnTENNESSEE WILDLIFE RESOURCES AGENCYrnrnFor Collecting on National Parks:rnNPS RESEARCH PERMIT AND REPORTING SYSTEMrnShiloh National Military Park in Hardin County has been well-collected, and is documented with the University of Tennessee Herbarium.rnrnFor collecting on National Wildlife Refuges:rnUS Fish and Wildlife Servicern(Collection permit information will be available here soon)rnrnHatchie National Wildlife RefugernrnWest Tennessee National Wildlife Refuge ComplexrnThis complex is composed of:rnReelfoot NWR, Chickasaw NWR, Lower Hatchie NWR, and Lake Isom NWR.